What is horticulture?
Horticulture is the subject of agriculture in which you learn about the sowing of vegetables, plants, flowers, herbs, fruits, shrubs, and gardens. Along with this, you thought about how to landscape gardens, ornamental trees, nurseries, greenhouses, orchards, and plantations. Horticulture farming is also known as ” Farming of Future “.
BSc Horticulture Course
B.Sc Horticulture is a 4-year undergraduate degree course, which deals with the cultivation of plants, vegetables, and seeds. In this course, you are taught about the disease of different plants and how to cure them scientifically.
Candidates after completing the 12th class from PCB( physics, chemistry, biology) or PCM ( physics, chemistry, mathematics) can be admitted to this course. The minimum required mark in the 12th class is 60% to be admitted to a reputed college.
Admission to this course is also done on a merit basis and there are some top entrance exams through which you can do this course from the prestigious agriculture colleges/universities of India. National Testing Agency conducts the ICAR All India entrance examination (AIEEA). This is a National level exam through which you can admit to prestigious colleges in India. One of them is “Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi”. Apart from that these are some State level and university-level entrance exams.
State University admission is done by 85% state quota remaining by all India quota (ICAR).
The agriculture sector is growing very rapidly and it is a never-ending field. Due to this career in this field is going to be very good and as agriculture is becoming modern, the use of scientific methods is also increasing in it, for which there will always be a need for agriculture experts. So in this case, after doing the BSC Horticulture course, you can work in many fields:
|Forestry Departments||agriculture product marketing firms|
|equipment manufacturing firms||Agriculture Departments|
|food production industry||Private Food Processing Company|
|Horticulture Product Companies||NGOs|
If we talk about government jobs, then in this you can get the job of an officer in the Forestry Departments and Agriculture Departments of the Central and State Governments. You can also apply in agriculture-related boards like rubber, Tea, Coffee, Spices, etc.
After doing BSC Horticulture, you can work in different job positions in the field of Agriculture like Horticulturists, Horticulture Inspectors, etc.
Because India is an agricultural country, a career in this field is very bright and the salary is very quite good.
If you want to do a BSc horticulture course, then you should do it only from a good and reputed government college. These are some of India’s top government agriculture institutes, which are recognized by the Indian Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR).
|College||Fees (per year)|
|Agriculture University- Kota, Rajasthan||₹17,500|
|Sher-e-Kashmir University of agriculture science |
and technology – srinagar, jammu kashmir
|Indira Gandhi Agricultural University – Chhattisgarh||₹17,200|
|Junagadh Agricultural University – Gujarat||₹26,900|
|Central Agricultural University Imphal||₹11,000|
|Dr. YSR Horticulture University – Andhra Pradesh||₹43,000|
|Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University – Bihar||₹31,500|
|Tamil Nadu Agricultural University – Coimbatore||₹51,200|
|Rani Laxmi Bai Central Agricultural University – Jhansi||₹14,800|
|Dr. YS Parmar University – Solan||₹48,800|
Most of the students think that there is a career scope in BSC Agriculture only but it is wrong rather you can work in many fields even after BSC Horticulture. Students with B.Sc in Agriculture and Horticulture are looked at equally. Job positions are horticulturist, plantation manager, Horticulture specialist, technical assistant, etc.
Govt jobs after BSc horticulture
|Post||Eligibity||Salary (Per Month)|
|Horticulture Development Officer||BSc Horticulture/ |
|Assistant Director of Horticulture||BSc Horticulture/ agriculture or|
Horticulture as an elective subject
|IBPS AFO||BSc Horticulture/agriculture/|
|Horticulture Section Officer||BSc Horticulture/ |
|Horticulture assistant||BSc Horticulture||35,000|
|Horticulture Farm Manager||BSc Horticulture||30,300|
|Horticulture inspector||BSc Horticulture||23,500|
The vacancy is taken out for this post by the Center and the State; you can do the job of Principle Scientist, Senior Scientist, and Scientist. Eligibility for this post is candidate must have a Ph.D. degree and be Agriculture research service (ARS) qualified. The Salary structure for these posts is as follows:
If you are interested in teaching, You can do a job in central and state-level universities for the post of Professor and Assistant Professor. Initial salary can be started from 80,000 to 1.5 Lakh per month depending upon your skills, experience, and university type.
|professor||phD + NET|
|assistant professor||MSc + NET|
There are some general vacancies in NABARD, which are for both agriculture and horticulture candidates, but some vacancies are only for horticulture candidates, so when those vacancies come, you can apply for them. Initial salary can start from 40,000 – 80,000 per month.
|Semester 1||Semester 2|
|introduction to soil science||principles of genetics|
|fundamentals of horticulture||water management in |
|growth and development |
of horticulture crops
|introduction to microbiology|
|plant propagation||tropical and subtropical fruits|
|fundamentals of extension |
|plant parasitic nematodes|
|tropical and subtropical|
|fundamentals of statistics|
|crop psychology||fundamentals of food technology|
|soft skills||elements of computer application|
|Semester 3||Semester 4|
|temperate fruits||commercial floriculture|
|Ornamental Horticulture||plantation crops|
|biochemistry||spices and soil science 1|
|fundamentals of entomology||breeding of fruits|
|principles of plant breeding||mushroom culture|
|temperate vegetables||Orchard Management|
|Tuber crops||environment science|
|Semester 5||Semester 6|
|organic farming||Entrepreneurship development|
|introduction of major field crops||remote sensing|
|Introduction to Agroforestry||processing of horticulture crops|
|Apiculture||Horticulture business management|
|post-harvest management||medicinal and aromatic plants|
|breeding and seed production||seed production|
|principles of plant biotechnology|
What to do after BSc horticulture?
After completing your BSc horticulture you can go to higher education as well as preparing for government jobs.
|SSC CGL||UPSC (IAS, IPS)|
|Indian Forest Services/IFS||RBI Grade B officer|
|Indian Railways||Indian Airforce|
|bank jobs after bsc horticulture|
|IBPS CLERK||IBPS PO|
|SBI CLERK/ PO||NABARD|
private jobs after b.sc horticulture
Courses after BSc Horticulture
After doing BSc in Horticulture, most of the students preferred to do the MSc Horticulture course because it has more job opportunities. It is a 2-year long postgraduate course, candidates should pass their Bachelor’s in agriculture or Horticulture with an aggregate of 55%. Admission to this course is done through an entrance exam.
|AGRICET||ICAER PG CET|
|BHU PET||State level exams|
The average fees can start from 60,000 to 80,000 per year depending on your institute type whether it is government or private. MSc Horticulture offers various specializations.
|post-harvest technology||Plantation, Spices, Medicinal,|
and Aromatic Crops
Msc Horticulture colleges
|IARI, New Delhi||Aacharya NG Ranga, Telangana|
|Tamil Nadu Agriculture University, Tamil Nadu||Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar Agriculture University, Solan, Himachal Pradesh|
|Dr. YSR Horticulture, Andhra Pradesh||Banaras University, UP|
|University of Agriculture and Horticulture Sciences, Karnataka||BBAU, Lucknow|
The salary can start from 20,000 to 1 lakh per month depending on your experience, skills, and job profile.
|marketing firms||flower business|
|public garden and|
|food processing units||irrigation department|
In this course, you learn to manage the activities related to farming. This is a 2-year postgraduate course, students who are interested in the field of management can do MBA after doing a BSC Horticulture course. If we talk about fees, then it can be from 40,000 to 70,000 per year, while if we talk about the average salary offered it can be from 3 lakhs to 7 lakhs per annum.
Admission to India’s Top Management Colleges will be through CAT Exam. Apart from this, there are some entrance exams through which you can take admission to an MBA are XAT, MAT, GMAT, ATMA, etc.
MBA Agribusiness colleges
|IIM Ahmedabad||KIIT University|
|SCIT Pune||Lovely Professional University|
|Banaras Hindu University||Chandigarh University|
|sales head||market analyst|
|farm business manager||supply chain manager|
|agribusiness marketing coordinator||agriculture policy analyst|
|quality controller||relationship manager|
If you want to specialize in the field of Horticulture, then after doing B.Sc and Master’s course, you can take admission in Ph.D. and do research in Horticulture.
Also, after passing Ph.D. and NET, you can apply for the post of Professor in Central Universities, where you can earn from 80,000 to 1.2 lakhs per month. Some of the top universities to do a Ph.D. in horticulture are:
|Assam Agriculture University Jorhat||Punjab Agriculture University, Ludhiana|
|Khalsa University, Amritsar||Chaudhari Charan Singh Haryana Agriculture |
|Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, |
|Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar|
|Indian Agriculture Research Institute, New Delhi||Dr. Y SR Horticulture University, Venkataramannagudem|
It totally depends on your job type, location, skills, and experience. But if we talk about the average salary for a government job is around it 35,000 to 1 lakh per month while talking about private jobs, a fresher BSc horticulture candidate Salary can earn up to Rs 20,000 to 30,000 per month while an experienced candidate earns up to 30,000 to 70,000 per month.