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What is BSc Geology? eligibility, fees, career options, jobs

Geology is a very interesting subject, in which practical is more important than theoretical knowledge. In this subject, the study of those minerals and particles is done, together with which the earth is made. Along with that the structure and formation of the material are studied also during the course.

Today we will talk about what is B.Sc Geology course and what to do after doing B.Sc Geology course, along with this, if you want to go in the field of Geology course, what are the career options for you after completing the course?

What is BSc Geology

Bachelor of Science in Geology is a 3-year undergraduate degree course that focuses on Earth Science. Through this course, you study subjects like solid substances, minerals, rocks, and their compositions. As this course is practical, it also includes fieldwork and internship. These topics are included in this course:

environmental scienceEarth science
mineral sciencestudy of natural resources
climate changePlate Tectonics.

Also Read: BSc Medical courses after 12th without Neet


First of all, you have to pass the 12th class from a recognized board in that you must have at least 55% marks. You can pass the 12th class with PCM (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematical), and PCB (Physics, Chemistry, Biology) along with that English as your mail subject.

The students who have completed their 12th class Arts and Commerce cannot be admitted to this course.

If you want to get admission to a reputed college then make your merit good and get above 90 percent marks in the twelfth standard.

Admission Process

Some colleges give admission on the basis of the 12th class marks, while some give your admission on the basis of marks in the entrance exam conducted at the national level. Along with this, top universities conduct their own entrance exam like BHU CET (Banaras Hindu University). These are the top entrance exams for BSc Geology:

Exam Eligilivty
LPUNEST10+2 from Central Board of Secondary Education(CBSE) or state board with 45% marks
CUCET10+2 in Science Stream or the equivalent of any recognized board with 50% marks
PU CETcandidate have passed 12th class (PCM) with 50% aggregate

If you want to crack any entrance exam, then solve the previous year’s questions of the desired exam. If you have studied 12th class well, then you will not face any problems in any entrance exam.


It is very important to choose a good college to do any courses and if you are admitted to a college whose flagship course includes a B.Sc geology course, it will prove to be even better for you. These are some of the Bsc geology top colleges.

Presidency College Chennai10+2 in the Science stream (Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics/Biology) from a recognized board.
Hansraj College Delhi55% or more marks in the aggregate of Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics/Geology/ Biology/ Biotechnology/ Biochemistry/ Geography
Banaras Hindu University10+2 or equivalent examination with a minimum of 50% marks in the aggregate in Science subjects with Physics, Chemistry + one of the following subjects: Biology, Geology, and Geography.
Ferguson College PuneCandidate must have passed 12th class from a recognized board.
St Xavier College Mumbaiclass 12th or equivalent from a recognized educational Board, with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology/ or Math as main subjects and a minimum aggregate score of 55%.
Punjab University ChandigarhCandidate must have passed the 12th exam with English, Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics / Biology.
Lucknow University LucknowCandidate must have passed 12th class from a recognized board.
MG Science Institute AhmedabadCandidate must have passed 12th class from any recognized board.

If you want to do B.Sc Geology course from distance mode then some top colleges for this are Indira Gandhi National Open University IGNOU, Chhattisgarh University, etc.


The fees for B.Sc Zoology depend on your college whether it is private or government, usually due to good infrastructure, the fees in private colleges are a bit high, but if we talk about average fees, then in government colleges it ranges from 10,000 to 30,000 per year. while in private it may be from 30,000 to 1,000,00 per year.

Difference between BSc geology and BSc geography

BSc MicrobiologyBSc Horticulture
BSc AnthropologyBSc Data Science
BSc PhysicsBSc Chemistry
BSc GeologyBSc Geography
It is a 3-year-long degree course.It is a 3-year-long degree course.
Geology deals with the external and internal structure of the earth and also the composition of the earth.BSc Geography deals with the outer surface of the earth
fee can be 10,000 to 1 lakh per yearfee can be 5000 to 1.5 lakhs per year
career options after geology are hydrogeologist, mine supervisor, options after Geography urban planner, cartographer, GIS specialist, etc.

What to do after BSc Geology?

If you want to do higher education in Geology, then you can do a master’s course in it. Through this, you can get a deep knowledge of the Geology field. Along with this, the career options available after mastering also increase, you can do specialization courses like mineralogy, Paleontology.

Courses after BSc Geology

Also Read: The list of courses after BSc/ Medical courses after BSc

MSc geology

MSc Zoology is a 2-year postgraduate degree course. Admission in this can be done through merit base and entrance exams. Top universities take admission to geology courses by entrance exam only. These are the top entrance exams BHU PET, DUET, Mumbai University Entrance Exam, etc.

Hydro geology, geochemistry, natural resource management, and economics are the subjects taught during the course. Government university fees can be from 50,000 to 70,000 per annum while talking about private Universities can be from 1.5 Lakhs to 6 lakhs annually. Top institutes for MSc geology.

  • Government Institute of Science, Aurangabad
  • The University of Science Technology and Agriculture, Kolkata
  • Hansraj College, Delhi
  • Fergusson College, Pune
  • Sent Xavier College, Mumbai
  • Christ College, Bangalore
  • MG Science Institute, Ahmedabad

After doing this course your salary depends on your job location, job profile, and skills. But if we talk about the average salary then initially it can be from 3.5 lakhs to 5 lakhs Annually. These are the job areas for MSc geologists:

Oil and natural gas commissionmineral exploration Corporation Limited
National Geophysical Research InstituteHindustan zinc
Coal India Limitednatural Institute of Oceanography


If you want to specialize in the field of Geology, then you can take admitted to Ph.D. after doing Masters’s course. Along with this, you are also eligible for fellowship by qualifying NET exam along with the JRF exam. This fellowship is awarded to you to pursue Ph.D. at Central University in India.

Govt jobs after Geology


After a bachelor’s degree, UPSC is the most preferred government job through which you are recruited for Administrative Services like IAS, IPS, and IFS in India.

State PCS

The second most popular exam after UPSC is State PCS i.e. Provincial Civil Services, through this exam, you are appointed for administration services in various state governments.


Railways are the biggest employment sector in India which takes out lakhs of recruitment every year for various posts. You can do a job on the railway through RRB and RRC.

Other government jobs are DRDO, FCI, ISRO, defense jobs, and banking like IBPS PO/Clerk, SBI PO/Clerk, etc.

Geology Jobs

If you do not want to study further after doing BSc geology and want to go for a job, then you can work in these areas.

oil industriesResearch Institute
mineral industryMining industry
Universities/colleges PSUs


After completing Bachelor’s in geology, your salary depends on your job profile, experience, skills, and location. If we talk about the average salary, you can earn 5 lakhs per annum initially.

PostAverage Salary (INR)
Paleontologist5.5 lakhs per annum
geologist5 lakhs per annum
hydrogeologist6.5 lakhs per annum
Marine geologist7 lakhs per annum
petroleum geologist8 lakhs per annum

Top recruiting companies

Geological Survey of India / GSINational Institute of Oceanography / NIO
Oil and natural gas corporation / ONGCOil Limited India / OLI
Gas Authority of India Limited / GAILPhysical Research Laboratory / PRL

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