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How to Become a Nephrologist in India?

Every part of the body has its own need and use. Similarly, the kidney is also an important part of the body which filters the blood and removes the waste from the body. The toxic, excessive salt and waste products are filtered from the blood and come out through urine. In addition, the kidney also controls blood pressure and balances minerals such as calcium, potassium, sodium, etc.

So if there is any problem or disease develops in this crucial organ of our body. we have to go for a specialized doctor related to this field called a nephrologists doctor. Today we will know what is nephrology? And How to Become a Nephrologist in India?- best college, fees, salary

What is Nephrology?

Nephrology is a medical field that deals with kidney diseases and their treatment. Nephrology involves the study of the structure, function of the kidneys and the treatment of diseases associated with them. A medical professional who specializes in nephrology is known as a nephrologist

Who are nephrologists?

Nephrology is a specialized field in medicine that deals with the study of the kidney. And those who study in this field and become doctors are called nephrologists. Nephrologists diagnose a patient’s disease through a variety of diagnostic tests that include blood tests, urine tests, imaging tests (ultrasound, CT scan, MRI), and kidney bypass.

If the patient needs a kidney transplant in some situation, nephrologists are involved in this surgery and do the work of screening and post-surgery care.

What is nephrologist work?

Nephrologist’s job is to treat various kidney-related diseases. These are some of the major kidney-related diseases which are treated by nephrologists.

  • Kidney Stone: This is the most common disease in which a stone is formed in the kidney that is called a kidney stone. There is a lot of pain in this and there is a problem with urination. Which is removed by medicines and operations in special circumstances.
  • Hypertension: or high blood pressure when the blood pressure in the kidney is unable to control and it increases, it is called hypertension.
  • Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs): In this, urinary tract infection occurs due to which there is a risk of many diseases.
  • Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD): In this, kidney functions start to stop completely and the kidney is not able to filter toxins and excessive amounts of fluid properly.
  • Acute kidney injury (AKI): Due to some reason, the work of the kidney stops temporarily, which can lead to infection and dehydration in the body.
  • Glomerulonephritis: In this, there is swelling in the filter of the kidney which is called inflammation.
  • Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD): In this genetically caused inflammation of the kidneys, which leads to an increase in the size of the kidney.

How to Become a Nephrologist in India

To become a Professional Nephrologist in India, you need to do Bachelor’s, Master’s Courses along with Training, Practicals, and Experience. These are some of the steps through which you can make a career in the field of nephrology.

  • 12th Class Pass: First of all you have to pass 12th class with minimum of 50% marks before stepping into the field of Nephrology. You must also have PCB (Physics, Chemistry, Biology) subject in class 12th.
  • NEET UG: It is a national-level MBBS entrance exam through which you can take admission to MBBS and BDS courses in various government and private colleges. To take admission in All India Institute of Medical Science AIIMS also neet-ug exam has to be given.
  • MBBS: The most popular bachelor’s degree in the medical field is MBBS which is of 5 years duration with 1 year of internship. MBBS is a general medical study after which you can do specialization ie MD.
  • NEET PG: After completing 4 years of MBBS and 1 year of internship, you give neet-pg exam. Through this exam, you can take admitted to postgraduate medical courses like Master of Medicine (MD).
  • Master of Medicine: Through MD Nephrology, you gain specialization in this field. This postgraduate medical course is of 3 years. This is a kind of specialized course that you can do after MBBS.
  • Doctor of Medicine: DM Nephrology is a doctor-level course which is of 3 years duration. You can do this course after your post-graduate degree i.e. MD in Nephrology.
  • Get licensed: After studying DM, register with the State Medical Council of your state and the Medical Council of India (MCI) at the Central level and get licensed. After which you can start the practice of nephrology in any private or government hospital.
Also Read
Non-Medical Career Options after MBBS What is Integrated MSc Ph.D. Courses in India?

Nephrology Top College

  1. All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi
  2. Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh
  3. Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences (SGPGIMS), Lucknow
  4. Christian Medical College (CMC), Vellore
  5. King George’s Medical University (KGMU), Lucknow
  6. Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University (IMS-BHU), Varanasi
  7. Madras Medical College (MMC), Chennai
  8. Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad
  9. Maulana Azad Medical College (MAMC), New Delhi
  10. Government Medical College and Hospital (GMCH), Chandigarh
  11. Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal
  12. Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai
  13. Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi
  14. Christian Medical College (CMC), Ludhiana
  15. Kasturba Medical College, Manipal

What to do after Nephrology?

There can be various career options in the medical field after Nephrology. Here are some of the main options:

  • Clinical Practice: After completing nephrology studies, you can work as a nephrologist in hospitals, kidney care centers, and private clinics. This includes treatment of kidney-related diseases, kidney transplants, etc. where your starting salary can be from 3 lakhs to 8 lakhs per year.
  • Academics (Teaching): If you are interested in teaching, then you can work as a professor in medical colleges and universities. Along with this, you can also become a part of the research project at the Research Institute.
  • Transplantation Nephrologist: In this, you have to do a kidney transplant and take care of them. By staying in this position, you can work in the Transparent Center.
  • Pediatric Nephrologist: These nephrologists deal with kidney-related diseases in young children.


Does nephrology require NEET?

Yes, for pursuing a medical specialization like Nephrology in India, you need to qualify for the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET). NEET is a national-level entrance examination conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) for admission to undergraduate (MBBS/BDS) and postgraduate (MD/MS) medical courses in various medical colleges and institutions across India.

Can we do nephrology after MBBS?

Yes, you can pursue a specialization in Nephrology (MD in Nephrology ) after completing your MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) degree. Nephrology is a medical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of kidney-related diseases and disorders. To become a nephrologist, you need to follow a specific educational pathway:


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