Vocational Courses

Vocational courses List after 12th? What is Vocational Education?

Today the importance of vocational courses is increasing rapidly, in such a scenario, the question comes to the mind of the students what is vocational education? And how is it different from traditional courses? So Today we will talk about what are vocational courses and will also know the Vocational courses List after 12th.

What is Vocational Education in India?

If a student is interested in a specific subject, then he can do a vocational course in that subject. A vocational course makes you study and train in a specific subject.

Courses like Btech, Bcom, B.E, and B.A. are called traditional courses. Most of these courses are taught in classrooms. In this type of course, students are given more theoretical knowledge and practical knowledge is given only during internships. Many times students get confused with the practical information they got in the internship because it does not match the theoretical information taught in their classroom.

Also Read: BSc Medical courses after 12th without Neet

On the contrary, in vocational courses, the student is studying in the field of a particular course so that he can make his practical knowledge aware. In this type of course, more practical knowledge is given to the students and very less classroom knowledge is given. These courses are designed in such a way that when a student goes for a job after doing this course, he should be fully prepared for industry work.

Vocational Courses Eligibility

Traditional courses are of longer duration whereas it takes less time to do vocational courses. To pursue most of the vocational courses, it is necessary to have passed the 12th standard and should have the most command of English and Maths. At the same time, there are some vocational courses that can be done even after passing the 10th class.

But if we talk about the thinking of the students, then most of the students adopt traditional courses only. Because students believe that after doing a traditional course, they will get a job easily because this course gives a degree, whereas after doing a vocational course, a diploma is obtained. For this reason, despite the expansion of the vocational course, it is not given so much importance. But you get many benefits by doing the vocational course.

Advantages of Vocational Courses

• The first advantage is that after doing this course, you become ready for a job like a normal course.

• Another advantage is that it gives you information in a particular field. So your chances of getting a job increase a lot. The training provided during this course matches the reality of that industry.

• The duration of the vocational course is short. Along with this, its fee is also very fewer than a traditional course.

• These courses are made on the basis of industry demand and along with this course can also be done online.

Vocational Education in India

Health CareWeb Designing
Graphic designingFood Technology

So let us give you some information about some such vocational courses.

Vocational courses list after 12th

Forensic Scientist

The use of science in investigation to catch a criminal is called forensic science and after doing this course you will get a job in a forensic lab in the government and private sector. In class 12th candidates should have PCM /Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, or PCB subjects, Along with that your communication skills should also be good because later on you have to testify evidence in courts in which communication skills will help you.

You can improve your communication skills through this book. How to Talk to Anyone

You can do mainly two Diploma courses. The duration of this course is 1 to 2 years, and the total fees can range from 50,000 to 70,000.

  1. Diploma in Forensic Science
  2. Diploma in Forensic Science in Criminology

Diploma courses are done by those students who have to go in this field in less time but if you want to become a professional forensic scientist then you go for a master’s. It can be a 3 years course for which the total fees can be up to 1 to 1.5 lakh.

After this, if you want to get an expert in Forensic Science then you can do MSc in Forensic Science and PhD in Forensic Science. Top recruiters are the Intelligence Bureau (IB), Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), and police. After becoming a forensic scientist, your starting salary can range from 20,000 to 25,000 per month. These are career scopes:

forensic scientistdrug analyst
laboratory assistantforensics technicians
forensics examinerCrime Scene investigator

Also read: How to Become DRDO Scientist? Eligibility, exams, salary


Telecommunication can be a very good career option. Because Telecommunication has its presence in many big sectors, jobs can be found in many fields like Testing engineering, Software engineering, Design and Development, Marketing, and Research.

It is a 3 years Diploma course. In which you are taught about Electronic Networks, Electronic Devices, Magnet, Computer Fundamental, Communications, and Control Systems. As the use of electronic devices is increasing, job opportunities in the field of telecommunication are also increasing rapidly. After doing this, you can work in areas like Electrical Circuits Area, communication, and Signaling Systems.

To do this course, it is necessary to have PCM subject in 12tht, in which there should be at least 50% marks. Along with that, some colleges have merit base admission, while some colleges take admission through entrance exams. If we talk about fees, then it is 20,000 to 5 lakhs.

After doing a diploma, you can take admitted to a post-graduate diploma course or master’s degree. If you want to go into the field of management, then you can do 2 years MBA in Telecom Management course. But to do MBA, you must have a Bachelor’s degree, if you want, you can get a degree by taking admission in the second year of a Bachelor’s degree after the diploma.

Read Also: What is ATMA Entrance Exam for MBA?

Audio Engineering

In this course, you learn to operate equipment and record music and audio. After which you can get jobs in recording studios and media houses. In this, you are taught about the recording of movies, music, and audio theater. Candidates have to pass the 12th class with PCM, after that they can do a diploma in sound audio engineering, Diploma courses are :

  • diploma in audio engineering
  • Diploma in recording arts
  • PG diploma in sound recording and sound design
  • certificate in audio and recording engineering
  • certificate in creative media arts and digital sound
  • certificate in audio production technology
  • certificate in audio Technology
  • certificate course in sound engineering

If we talk about degree courses, then you can do BTech in audio engineering, In these sectors, you can work after doing audio engineering: radio stations, TV channels, advertisement firms, and movies.

career scope

sound editorbroadcast engineer
editormusic editor
Re-recording mixing specialistsound effect editor
recording engineermixing engineer

Talking about the starting salary of a sound engineer can be from 2 to 4 lakh per annum, while in private studios it can be from 4 to 15 lakhs per annum.


Photography is a popular course. In Photography, you get many options like wildlife photography, product photography, wedding photography, fashion photography, and travel photography. You can pass class XII from any stream, these are photography courses :

courseavg fees
Diploma in Photography,5,000 to 1 lakh
Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA) in Photography and Digital Imaging40,000 to 3 lakh
Bachelor of Visual Arts and Photography50,000 to 2.5 lakh
Certificate in Wedding and Event Photography60,000 to 5 lakh

Best photography colleges

National Institute of Photography, MumbaiDelhi College of Photography, New Delhi
National Institute of Design, AhmedabadAsian Academy of Film and Television, Noida
Jawaharlal Nehru Architect and fine arts University, HyderabadPixel Institute of Photography, New Delhi

Top Recruiters

magazine studiopress
publishing housesnewspapers
advertising companiesfreelancer

photographer’s starting salary can be up to 2,50,000 per annum whereas a fashion photographer can earn from 20,000 to 30,000 per month.

Foreign Languages

Nowadays, the demand for language experts has increased a lot to communicate with a foreign person and to run the business well. In such a situation, by doing this course, you can get a job as a language translator.

If you like to travel the world and talk to different people, then you can become a foreign language expert. candidate can do the 12th class with any stream. These are some of the courses :

BA in RussianBA in French
BA in GermanBA in Persian
BA in Japanese BA in Spanish

Event Management

There is a 1-year diploma course through which you learn planning, coordinating, running, and organizing an event. The skills required for this course are good communication skills, proficiency skills, a creative and innovative mindset, and organizational skills.

Talking about the course fee, it can be from 20,000 to 2 lakhs. Top colleges are:

  • The Institute of Event Management Mumbai
  • National Pacific University Udaipur
  • Impact Institute of Event Management Delhi
  • Event Management Development Institute Bangalore
  • Institute of creative hands Bangalore

After doing this diploma course, you can work in positions like Event Manager, Marketing Manager, Event Account Manager, Business Development Executive, etc.

Event management companies are hired to organize and manage social gathering functions like weddings, cooperative functions, music shows, and award shows. so if you do a diploma in event management, you will have a great career scope.

After 10th

Apart from these, in the vocational course, you will also get options like technical work like automotive repair, plumbing, and air conditioning.

career scope

translator-interpreteradministrative assistant
language expertsonline tutor
tour guideproduct localization manager
International sales marketingflight attendant
children book writerdiplomatic service professional
Hotel ManagerInternational correspondence


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